World Health Organization, draft landscape of COVID-19 candidate vaccines

U.S. National Library of Medicine,

COVID-19 Prevention Network, clinical studies

New York Times, coronavirus vaccine tracker

The Guardian, coronavirus vaccine tracker



Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration,  vaccine informationVaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee, information on vaccine shortages

Center for Vaccine Development and Global Health, University of Maryland School of Medicine

Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, timeline of vaccine development

Immunization Action Coalition, vaccine policy and licensing

World Health Organization, vaccines information

Understanding modern-day vaccines: what you need to know,” Annals of Medicine, 2017, by Volker Vetter, Gülhan Denizer, Leonard R. Friedland, Jyothsna Krishnan and Marla Shapiro

The coronavirus vaccine frontrunners are advancing quickly. Here's where they stand,” Jonathan Gardner, Ned Pagliarulo, and Ben Fidler, BioPharma Dive, June 2020



American Academy of Pediatrics, resources on vaccine hesitancy

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Vaccines for Children Program, vaccine supply policy

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, recommendations

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, SchoolVaxView, with data on school vaccination coverage and exemptions nationwide

March of Dimes, vaccination schedules

National Conference of State Legislatures, legislative activity on vaccine exemption policies

World Health Organization, resources on vaccine hesitancy, immunization coverage statistics and data

“Tracking the Anti-Vaccination Movement,” National Press Foundation video with Joe Smyser, CEO of The Public Good Projects, on how to use Project VCTR to track anti-vax messengers and messages across Twitter, Facebook, popular websites and other platforms

Schaffner: Let's Not Be Venezuela,” interview with Dr. William Schaffner by MedPage Today on school immunization laws

Decline in Child Vaccination Coverage During the COVID-19 Pandemic — Michigan Care Improvement Registry, May 2016–May 2020,” Cristi A. Bramer, Lynsey M. Kimmins,Robert Swanson, Jeremy Kuo, Patricia Vranesich, Lisa A. Jacques-Carroll,Angela K. Shen, CDC, May 2020

Vaccine hesitancy: a generation at risk,” The Lancet, May 2019

The HPV Vaccine Controversy,” AMA Journal of Ethics, 2012

Writing about vaccine hesitancy? There’s a study for that,” Tara Haelle, Association of Health Care Journalists



Many Americans are interested in taking a coronavirus vaccine, but some have concerns,” Reuters/Ipsos poll, May 2020

Many Americans remain hesitant about getting a COVID-19 immunization as soon as an FDA-approved vaccine is available,” John Boyle, Thomas Brassell and James Dayton, ICF, July 2020

Black Americans are more skeptical of experimental treatments, potential COVID-19 vaccine than Hispanic and white adults,” Pew Research Center, June 2020

Most Americans expect a COVID-19 vaccine within a year; 72% say they would get vaccinated,” Cary Lynne Thigpen and Cary Funk, Pew Research Center, May 2020



Who will get the first shot when the coronavirus vaccine arrives?” Stacey Burling, The Philadelphia Inquirer, July 2020

A covid-19 vaccine can ensure better outcomes for communities of color. Let’s work to earn their trust.” Bisola O. Ojikutu, Julie H. Levison and Kathryn E. Stephenson, The Washington Post, July 2020

Getting a coronavirus vaccine in record time is hard. Distributing it to tens of millions may be equally daunting,” Lena H. Sun, Washington Post, August 2020

COVID-19 human challenge studies: ethical issues,” Euzebiusz Jamrozik and Michael J. Selgelid, The Lancet, May 2020

‘‘Is Ordering Takeout Unethical?’ A Medical Ethicist Answers Some of the Most Common Moral Questions Around Coronavirus,” Jeffrey Kluger interview with Arthur Caplan the NYU Grossman School of Medicine, Time, March 2020



A coronavirus vaccine won’t change the world right away,” Carolyn Y. Johnson, Washington Post, August 2020

Elegant but unproven, RNA experiments leap to the front in coronavirus vaccine race. Will they work?” William Booth and Carolyn Y. Johnson, The Washington Post, July 2020

Different Approaches to a Coronavirus Vaccine,” Jonathan Corum, Knvul Sheikh and Carl Zimmer, The New York Times, May 2020

Bad News Wrapped in Protein: Inside the Coronavirus Genome,” Jonathan Corum and Carl Zimmer, New York Times, April 2020

Coronavirus vaccines get a biotech boost,” Amber Dance, Nature, July 2020

We're one-third of the way to a widely available coronavirus vaccine, experts say,” Elizabeth Weise and Karen Weintraub, USA Today, June 2020

Research at warp speed: Urgent, personal, frightening,” Patrick Boyle, Association of American Medical Colleges, May 2020

Beyond The Nasty Needle: Trying To Make Vaccines More Comfy And Convenient,” Courtney Columbus, NPR, July 2017



Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Vaccines for Children Program, vaccine supply policy

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, recommendations

National Foundation for Infectious Disease, information on vaccinations and “Keep Up The Rates” campaign

Schaffner: Let's Not Be Venezuela,” interview with William Schaffner by MedPage Today on school immunization laws