Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, University of Minnesota, articles on recent supply chain issues

National Bureau of Economic Research, “The Geography of Prescription Pharmaceuticals to the U.S.”

European Medicines Agency, availability of medicines during COVID-19 report

Council on Foreign Relations

__“The coronavirus outbreak could disrupt the U.S. drug supply,” by Yanzhong Huang, March 2020

__“U.S. dependence on pharmaceutical products from China,” by Yanzhong Huang, August 2019

Duke Center for International and Global Studies, “COVID-19 and Global Supply Chains: Disruptions and Restructuring,” part of a webinar series on the impact of COVID-19

Global Trade Alert, tracking of pandemic-era trade policies in food and medical products

U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission

__Video of hearing on “Exploring the Growing U.S. Reliance on China's Biotech and Pharmaceutical Products”

Testimony of Rosemary Gibson, “Exploring the Growing U.S. Reliance on China's Biotech and Pharmaceutical Products”

Testimony of Katherine Eban, “A Healthy Relationship? Assessing the Risks and Opportunities of China’s Medicine and Health Development.”

Safeguarding Pharmaceutical Supply Chains in a Global Economy,” testimony before the U.S. Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Health, Rosemary Gibson, October 2019

Food and Drug Administration, testimony of Mark Abdoo before the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission

United Nations Industrial Development Organization, research on global value chains and reshoring

Organization for Economic Development and Cooperation

__Trade Interdependencies in COVID-19 Goods

__The Face Mask Global Value Chain in the COVID-19 Outbreak: Evidence and Policy Lessons

National Press Foundation, role of big pharma and FDA

National Press Foundation, biotech-driven change in prescription drugs



The Washington Post

__“No offense, but is this a joke?’ Inside the underground market for face masks,” by Desmond Butler, Juliet Ellperin and Tom Hamburger, May 2020

__“Why don’t hospitals have enough masks? Because coronavirus broke the market,” by Tara Lagu, Rachel Werner and Andrew W. Artenstein, May 2020

__“Mask shortage for most health-care workers extended into May, Post-Ipsos poll shows,” Lenny Bernstein and Alauna Safarpour, May 2020

Politico, “Dubious history for leader of new made-in-America drug venture,” by Daniel Lippman, Sarah Owermohle, Zachary Brennan and Adam Cancryn, May 2020

PolitiFact, “Did China halt exports of face masks to US?” Amy Sherman, April 2020

The Seattle Times, “Washington state ordered $227.5 million in coronavirus supplies from a Chinese firm, but deliveries have trickled in,” by Daniel Gilbert and Mike Reicher, May 2020

The Wall Street Journal

__“Trump’s tariffs leave the U.S. short on vital medical supplies,” by Robert B. Zoellick, March 2020

__“China’s Export Restrictions Strand Medical Goods U.S. Needs to Fight Coronavirus, State Department Says,” Kate O’Keeffe, Liza Lin and Eva Xiao, April 2020

The Pharma Letter, “COVID-19: big pharma confident on supply chain integrity”

Trade Vistas

__“Free Trade in Medicines and Supplies is the Healthiest Approach,” Andrea Durkin and Alice Calder, Hinrich Foundation, March 2020

__“The Role of Trade in Your Medicine Cabinet,” Ayelet Haran, Hinrich Foundation, April 2018

PIEE Trade and Investment Policy Watch

__“EU limits on medical gear exports put poor countries and Europeans at risk”, by Chad P. Brown, March 2020

__“China should export more medical gear to battle COVID-19,” by Chad P. Brown, May 2020

__“COVID-19: Trump’s curbs on exports of medical gear put Americans and others at risk,” by Chad P. Brown, April 2020

__“Trump's trade policy is hampering the US fight against COVID-19,” by Chad P. Brown, March 2020

Industrial Analytics Platform

__“Managing COVID-19: Could the coronavirus spur automation and reverse globalization?” by Adnan Seric and Deborah Winkler, April 2020

__“Managing COVID-19: How the pandemic disrupts global value chains,” by Adnan Seric, Holger Görg, Saskia Mösle and Michael Windisch, April 2020